When it comes to industrial applications of chemistry, there are multiple applications that are best executed by chemical processing experts. Below are just a few examples of the industrial applications of chemistry. If you are a company looking for a chemical processing manufacturer to handle your industrial product, Howard Industries, Inc. has over 53 years of experience in the chemical processing industry and is capable of handling projects of any size. From agglomerating and blending to packaging and warehousing, contact Howard Industries today for a quote on your project.
You may be familiar with dyes and pigments used in such things as industries like textiles, paints, and ceramics. Pigments are insoluble compounds, meaning they are colorful particles that do not fully dissolve. Think of it like muddy water – you can mix dirt and water together to make a muddy brown color, but if you let the water sit, all the particles separate and sink to the bottom of the cup. Dyes, on the other hand, are soluble compounds, which mean they dissolve in water. You can imagine adding salt to some broth – the salt dissolves to give the broth flavor, and it will not separate and sink to the bottom of your bowl. The dyes and pigments most commonly used in industrial applications are derived from minerals or petroleum.
Colorants allow us to make things colorful, like clothes, but colorants are not just useful for aesthetics! There are several other industrial applications that use functional dyes and pigments, such as laser dyes, ink jet printing, photodynamic therapy, and surgery. Each of these applications uses dyes or pigments that are specifically designed for that purpose. For example, ink jet printing uses tiny dye droplets that are designed to dry quickly on paper to provide us with high definition prints, whereas surgeons may use medical-grade dyes to visually enhance a certain area of a patient’s body during a procedure.
Farming & Agriculture
Farming and agriculture are huge industrial applications of chemistry. Without synthetic fertilizers and other useful agricultural chemicals, it would be difficult for us to grow as many crops as we do around the world! Plant roots need specific nutritional elements from the soil, which can be provided by multi-nutrient fertilizers when the existing soil is lacking. There are many different types of fertilizers – farmers choose which type of fertilizer they need to use based on what nutrients their crops need.
Industrial-scale farming also utilizes a variety of pesticides and growth agents that allow the farm to regulate what does and doesn’t live on their allotment of land. In order for the farms to use their resources most efficiently, they need to be very systematic in deciding what methods to use. Current farming techniques depend on a wide variety of chemical agents to feed the world.
There are countless industrial applications of chemistry when it comes to the food industry. Food chemistry helps us understand how to process and preserve our foods without spoiling it. Such methods include dehydration or freezing foods for proper food storage. Spreads like margarine are also the result of processes that include refining, transesterification, blending, and emulsification of oils and fats with other ingredients.
Chemical applications are also used for the makings of vitamins, food coloring, and flavoring. They make your big mac taste meaty and your whopper taste just the right amount of smoky – keeping meticulously designed foods consistently replicable.
Soaps & Cleaners
Another industrial application of chemistry is the manufacturing of soaps and cleaners, many of which you likely have in your own home! Soaps are made from natural animal fats and vegetable oils that go through a process called saponification. Soaps are one type of cleaner, but there are many other types that use different ingredients and processes for different applications in which dirt needs to be removed.
Without the chemistry involved to make specific soaps and cleaners, we would not have products such as body gels, fabric softeners, laundry detergents, bathroom tile solutions, or all-purpose cleaning solutions. Synthetic sulfates have allowed us to utilize a new generation of gentler cleaning products for our bodies and homes, as well, and green chemistry has helped us make many breakthroughs in making healthier solutions that are environmentally friendly.