Chemical Processing 101: Crushing

Chemical Processing 101: Crushing

What Is Crushing?

Crushing is the process of reducing the size of materials so that they can be further processed. In addition to being used in the chemical industry, industrial crushing equipment can be very useful in a variety of businesses. These include, but are not limited to, waste and recycling, mining, food processing, construction, and coal.

Industrial crushers are primarily used to take very large pieces of material and make them smaller. Having smaller pieces of the material allows for easier transportation, further processing, and/or better ability to differentiate the different compositions of the material.

What Is The Purpose of Crushing?

There are many practical purposes for industrial crushing. Waste products get crushed so they for easier disposal and/or recycling. You could crush wet materials, like cement, for use in construction and road building. Crushing is also very useful in the chemical industry for breaking down hard materials such as limestone or coal.

Many items and materials have a surprising amount of flexible space that can be eliminated in a crusher. If there is a very large piece of material, it may need to be crushed for easier storage, packaging and/or transportation. Or maybe there is an oversized piece of material that needs to be milled. It may need to be crushed in an industrial crusher before it can fit into other pieces of machinery. For example, a processing line at a mine may crush rock ore into smaller pieces before processing them further in a mill or grinder.

What Tools Are Used For Crushing?

In the pre-industrial era, crushers were usually hand-held stones. The weight of the stone would help give the user more power. Querns and mortars are examples of the earliest crushers.

Nowadays, machinery used for crushing usually hold materials between two solid surfaces that are parallel to each other. Have you ever watched a movie scene where two walls are closing in on each other? It’s just like that. The solid surfaces close in together and sufficient force is applied so that the molecules of the material’s fracture and deform into the desired shape. It’s important that molecular composition of the machinery is stronger than the materials it is crushing to avoid damaged equipment or cross-contamination.

There’s a wide range of equipment that can be used for crushing materials. Different crushers are used depending on the type of material you’re trying to crush. Some crushing equipment is better for materials with a soft or medium density, and others might be more suited for the oversized material.

Types of machinery used for industrial crushing include:

  • Jaw Crusher
  • Gyratory Crusher
  • Cone Crusher
  • Impact Crusher
  • Composite Crusher

How Can Howard Industries Fulfill Your Crushing Needs?

Howard Industries is a one-stop shop when it comes to chemical processing. Our specialized equipment can handle it all, from crushing oversized materials to hardened materials. Not only that, but we can also continue to further process your materials after they are crushed if needed. We can continue to mix, blend, or grind whatever you need. Contact us today to learn more